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Hellenic Scientific Association For Sport Managment & Recreation - HSASMR

2014 Volume: 11 Number: 2


Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Number: 2


«Approach of the Organizational Design Types in Municipal Sports Organizations»  


Journal of Sport and Recreation Management  

 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Number: 2

Authors: Νikolaidou, S., Mavromatis, G., Ifantidou, G., Kosta G. & Gialamas V.

Pages: 1-13

All sports organizations have organizational structure. The organizational structure is one of the fundamental ways in which organizations try to achieve their goals. Although no sport organizations are exactly alike, they do exhibit common features that form the basis for classifying them into design types. The purpose of this study was to imprint the profile of the municipal sports organizations. The Sport Commission Organization Structure Survey questionnaire of Robbins (1987) and the National Association of Sports Commissions (1994) was used. The participants were 100 Greek municipal sport organizations. Factor analysis detected four factors with high internal consistency for every factor except the last one: departmentalisation, concentration, specialization and formalization. Cluster analysis was found four classes of sports organizations. One-way anova for independent samples for one factor was performed. Significant differences were found: participation of president in decisions, participation of staff in a way of evaluating their colleagues, number of job titles, number of departments, group tasks, number of staff levels, staff experience in sport management, written regulations and limitation of staff autonomy. In one part, the results would be help managers to understand the organizational dimensions which define the types of sports organizations. In the other part, the managers would be able to design the ideal organization structure that responds the needs and expectations of the organization.



«Investigation the Contribution of Hiking Activity Involvement and Place Attachment on Predicting Loyalty: Α Case study of Mount Olympus»   


Journal of Sport and Recreation Management  

 Year: 2014 Volume11 Number: 2

Authors: Karagiorgos, T., Alexandris, K. & Kouthouris, C.

Pages:14 –23

The aim of the present study was to explore the profile of hikers on Mount Olympus, in terms of a) demographic characteristics, b) the level of activity involvement, c) the level of place attachment, and further to test if loyalty can be predicted by activity involvement and place attachment. The questionnaire of Kyle, Graefe, Manning & Bacon (2004) was used to measure involvement and attachment. The participants were three hundred and seven (N = 307) Greek hikers. The cluster analysis classified participants into two groups (high and low involvement and attachment). Individuals with high levels of activity involvement and high levels place attachment had statistically significant higher scores in the Olympus loyalty construct. The theoretical and applied implications of these results are discussed.


«The Influence of the “Other Customers Perceptions” on Satisfaction and Behavioral Intentions in the Context of Sport and Fitness Centers»   


Journal of Sport and Recreation Management  

 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Number: 2

Authors: Theodorakis Nikolas

Pages: 23 –34

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the “Other Customers Perceptions” (OCP) on overall satisfaction and behavioral intentions in the context of sport and fitness centers. More specifically, it was hypothesized that overall satisfaction mediates the relationship between OCP and two positive behavioral intentions: Word of mouth and repurchase intentions. Data were collected from 215 customers of two private health and fitness centers in Greece. Following a four step methodology, suggested by Barron and Kenny (1986), results partially supported the two hypotheses of the study. Theoretical and practical implications of the study will be discussed.


«Exploring the role of sport activity involvement on sponsorship effectiveness: The case of a Kick Boxing event»   


Journal of Sport and Recreation Management  

 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Number: 2

Authors: Dovoli, A., Balaska, P., & Kaimakamis, D.

Pages: 36 –44

This research aimed to investigate the sponsorship awareness level of spectators in a kick-boxing event, which took place in Thessaloniki, Greece, and further test the relationship between the Involvement variable with: a) the level of sponsorship awareness and b) spectators’ intentions to buy the sponsors’ products. One hundred and seventy nine spectators (N=179) participated in the study. They filled adjusted versions of the Alexandris et al.’s (1997) and Kyle et al.’s (2006) questionnaires. The results indicated that almost 60% of spectators recognized at least one of the sponsors of the event. Furthermore, Involvement was shown: a) to relate with the level of sponsorship awareness (in terms of the Attraction and Importance dimensions) and b) significantly predict spectators’ intentions to buy products of the sponsors (in terms of the dimension of Attraction). The practical and theoretical implications of these results are discussed.


«Mountain Bike and Participants’ Profile»   


Journal of Sport and Recreation Management  

 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Number: 2

Authors: Zafeiroudi Aglaia, Kouthouris Charilaos & Pantidis George

Pages: 45 –57

Present study investigated the profile of adult participants’ in a mountain bike event, regarding involvement. Sporting activity Involvement was expressed by three dimensions: a) attraction to the activity, b) self-expression through the activity, and c) centrality of activity in life. Involvement in mountain bike was investigated according to different demographic characteristics of cyclists. Participants were 150 adults (112 men and 38 women) and took part in an outdoor event. Involvement was evaluated by Kyle and all’s scale (2004) and was modification in Greek language (Theodorakis et al, 2007). Scales reliability was tested successfully. Results revealed statistical significant differences in marital status demographic characteristic for all involvement’s dimensions (p <0.01). Moreover, the analysis of variance showed statistical significant differences (p <.001) among all sub-groups of different ages, with the group of older cyclists scored the highest values. The results of the present study provide spreading of mountain bike in broadly social groups and increasing participation.



«Environmental Friendly Services in Sport Centres Investigating Greek students’ perceptions»   


Journal of Sport and Recreation Management  

 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Number: 2

Authors: Kouthouris Charilaos, Panagiotidou Despoina, Kontogianni Evaggelia & Alexandris Konstantinos

Pages: 58 –74

The present study investigated Greek male/female students' perceptions on sport centers that provide environmentally friendly services. Specifically investigated possible differences between students with different-sex and students that participate or not participate in sport and exercise activities. The sample consisted of 300 students (103 men and 197 women) that completed a questionnaire which included the following scales: "Compliance of a sports center with Environmentally Friendly Services", ”Eco Friendly Policy in Greece", “Predisposition for adoption habits environmentally friendly" (Kouthouris & Kontogianni, 2013) and "WOM communication” (Zeithalm et al. (1997). The t-test analysis between students with different sex showed statistical significant differences in all scales (p <. 01) with women scored higher than men. Statistical significant differences were appeared in ‘participation or non-participation in exercise activities’ in “predisposition to adopt environmentally friendly habits” and “WOM Communication” scales (p<0.1) where students who did exercise scored higher. Concluding results supported that women students and students overall who did sports express a higher intention to select sports centers that provide or intend to provide environmentally friendly services in future.

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24- 26 January 2020
Thessaloniki, Greece

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Hellenic Scientific Association For Sport Management & Recreation - HSASMR